This novel is taking place when slavery was still legal and the main economic foundation, especially in South part of America. Those African-Americans were a private-owned property and were physically and mentally abused, exploited, etc. Main character is Huck and his friend Jim, is a “nigger” serves as the role of the slavery at that time, and uneducated. As same as other African-Americans at that time, Jim was also treated inhumanely.
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which at least assume so, it could be belong to picaresque novel, which makes us explore the gloomy shadow of society, indirectly. With irony and humor, he excessively satire the racism issues, which are the most serious and intense social problem in America, in a same time, the courage of building the foundation of American culture by wit, the characteristic emotion of America, coincide with the frontier that making an African-American as a companion and it’s alter ego and using an African-American vernacular on literature.
However, when reading the first part of this book, opposed to the first impression of this novel, the things that were already confusing was that Twain, who was close to the African-Americans personally, was mocking African-Americans by using ridiculous scoffing way of speaking, when he was describing them. However, by reading through, it was realized and brought an attention to that Twain breaks the prejudice and misunderstanding of African-Americans satirically, by exaggerating those ludicrously, in order to express how general common idea toward African-Americans does not make sense. For example, in the first part of book, when Jim was saying and spreading the word about the fact that he saw a ghost and making Jim as a heroic character by every African-Americans near him and even farther from him, coming and listening to him carefully. The scene described in here is unreliable and does not make sense at all. Which means Twain implied an irony to the nonsensically exaggerated description. However, when we view this scene egocentrically and visually, this scene could be seen as Twain ridiculing African-American. Like this, Twain had described and point out exactly about what African-Americans are walking their own way with nonsense and ridiculous prejudices and how society should treat them.
Norton Anthology Volume C OLD, p. 130-213